The Concept of Educational Technology in Nigeria includes software, hardware, together with online applications, like wikis and blogs etc. Educational technology is a multifaceted and integrated process involving people, procedure, ideas, devices, and organization, where technology from different fields of science is borrowed as per the need and requirement of education for implementing, evaluating, and managing solutions to those problems involved in all aspects of human learning. Hence, over the years Nigeria has gone through an Educational transition in the field of Educational Technology. This is because of the of the awareness of the importance of Educational Technology and its role in the development of the Nigerian Education.Technology and education simply put are a collection of tools that might be crucial and essential in augmenting and enhancing student learning and could be assessed as to how and why individuals behave.
Education and Technology depend on a wide-ranging definition of the word “technology.” Technology can be defined as to materials that are useful to the human race like machines or hardware.
Educational technology in Nigeria broadly speaking, has passed through stages.
The first stage of educational technology system in Nigeria is coupled with the use of aids like charts, maps, symbols, models, specimens and concrete materials.
The second stage of educational technology in Nigeria is associated with the ‘electronic revolution’ with the introduction and establishment of sophisticated hardware and software. Use of various audio-visual aids like the projector, magic lanterns, tape-recorder, radio, and television brought a revolutionary change in the educational scenario.
The third stage of educational technology is linked with the development of mass media which in turn led to ‘communication revolution’ for instructional purposes.
The fourth stage of educational technology is discernible by the individualized process of instruction. A system of self-learning based on self-instructional materials and teaching machines emerged.
Educational technology in Nigeria began with the visual era that is the use of simple teaching aids like apparatus and the preparation of lesson notes. Emphasis was placed on the preparation of simple (low cost) teaching aids in school particularly in Teacher Training Colleges
In the tertiary institutions, the first official support for educational technology was directed towards both pre-service and in-service training of teachers and audio-visual loan services. Fresher innovative tools like smartphones and online and offline games are starting to gain more attention due to their potential to educate and assist in learning.
The latest concept of educational technology is influenced by the concept of system engineering or system approach which focuses on language laboratories, teaching machines, programmed instruction, multimedia technologies and the use of the computer in instruction.