Educational Technology in Nigeria

Educational Technology in Nigeria

History and Benefit of Educational Technology in Nigeria
Until the mid-90s, technology in Nigerian education was mostly based on the type writer. Secondary students were taught the use of a typewriter, however from the mid-90s till date, computer science has become a fundamental part of education. Students are taught the basics of word processing, the use of the internet and other computer based concepts. Education and technology can sometimes be referred to EdTech. It is the learning of and principled performance of facilitating e-learning which is studying and enhancing performance by creating, using and managing suitable technical practices and assets. In Nigeria, a handful of privately-owned school administrators are now adopting technology in classrooms, in order to beef-up the learning process, while helping students improve academically. Unlike the traditional method of using notebooks, writing on slates or boards, the students in the EdTech era come to classes with their laptops or tablets connected to the Internet.
Educational technology in Nigeria began with the visual era that is the use of simple teaching aids like apparatus and the preparation of lesson notes. Emphasis was placed on the preparation of simple (low cost) teaching aids in school particularly in Teacher Training Colleges. It was in 1932, under colonial Britain, that the first form of communication media appeared in Nigeria. A Radio Receiving Station was constructed in Lagos. Since then, the development of media has been rapid following the technological development in various parts of the world which have contracts and relationship with Nigeria.
Education in Nigeria is basically categorized into three, namely traditional education (i.e. the indigenous education of the country), Islamic education (i.e. education of the Sudanese brought into the country through the Northern part of the country) and Western education (education of the British colonial masters or education of the Christian Missionaries). These three (3) categories can be broadly classified into two, viz: informal and formal education. The former is known as the traditional or indigenous education while the latter is the Islamic education and the Western education (this is because the two have autographic feature and they are held in the four walls of a building (most especially the Western education) called class, et cetera. More so, the instructional media for the two formal education are Arabic and English respectively.
However, computer nowadays in Nigeria are becoming popular as there has increased the emphasis on individualized programs of instruction and computer technology to make easier learning at all levels of education. Also, now that the government has started equipping some secondary schools in the country with microcomputers connected with the internet with the support of Mobile Telecommunication Network (MTN), the computer has therefore easily facilitated teaching and learning tasks. Students now have assessed to educational materials on the internet and are allowed to have free participation in the international academic competition, (e.g. poetry and essay competition at poetry.com and voicesnet.com, etc.) and at the same time make easier the publication of one’s literary work(s) irrespective of one’s field of study. It also allows the capable people of the country to engage themselves in the so-called distance learning.

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